Commentary: Heat-stressed salmon are Alaska’s climate stress canary

By Kate Troll
For The Cordova Times

When, in the 1980s, the fishing industry was opposing cuts to the Department of Fish and Game, it argued that salmon was Alaska’s first Permanent Fund. Protecting the budget for salmon management was seen as akin to protecting the principal of the fund. Because healthy populations of salmon, whether for commercial, sport or subsistence, is so fundamental to how we define ourselves as Alaskans, it was an easy and effective association to make. Now the principal of Alaska’s first Permanent Fund – salmon – is at risk and there is an opportunity for the second Permanent Fund to address this risk while also improving its bottom line.

There have been several news articles on how Alaska’s heat wave is killing salmon across the state. From the Koyukuk River in the Arctic to the Deshka River in the Mat-Su area, pink and chum salmon have been observed in large numbers dying of “heat stress” prior to spawning. In financial terms, the principal of our first Permanent Fund is now being drained away and exposed to the risk of the ongoing climate crisis.

Many credible analyses that demonstrate a significant amount, as much as two-thirds, of the world’s known and accessible fossil fuel reserves must remain in the ground if there is to be any chance at all of the world meeting the terms of the Paris accord and avoiding complete climate catastrophe. To push world markets to responsibly move in this direction, countries and thousands of institutions have joined the global campaign to divest from fossil fuels, and instead invest in renewable energy and energy efficiency. The latest major institution to join the divestment movement is Norway’s $1 trillion sovereign wealth fund.

The track record is position for funds that have switched from fossil fuels to renewable energy in their portfolios, improving their bottom lines. The Institute for Energy Economic and Financial Analysis, an independent organization of economists, concludes that: “Future returns from the fossil fuel sector will not replicate past performance, making the financial case for fossil fuel divestment strong. Over the past three and five years, respectively, global stock indexes without fossil fuel holdings have outperformed otherwise identical indexes that include fossil fuel companies. Fossil fuel companies once led the economy and world stock markets. They now lag.”

Last year, when more than 400 Alaskans signed a petition to ask the Alaska Permanent Fund Corp.’s board to consider climate change and good governance criteria in the management of the fund, the board responded, “we invest in companies, not causes.”


According to Tim Bradner, a longtime reporter on oil and gas matters, “the board is worried that anything that smacks of a fossil fuel divestiture policy would be seen as an unfriendly gesture toward the industry at a time when Alaska is courting new investment by companies on the North Slope and the Cook Inlet.”

Mr. Bradner’s assessment was confirmed by flow-up statements made by William Moran, board chair, and Angela Rodell, CEO of the Permanent Fund Corp. In a letter sent to former University of Alaska professor Rick Steiner, they wrote, “We are relying on the continued investment of these (fossil fuel) companies to sustain our oil production and our state’s economy and revenues and the oil royalties that flow to the Permanent Fund.”

Refusing to consider divestment out of loyalty to Alaska’s oil and gas sector certainly sounds like a cause to me. If the state’s economy is the bottom line for the board, they should consider the impact on Alaska’s salmon. According to the Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute, salmon contribute approximately 32,900 full-time jobs and more than $1.7 billion in annual wages.

It’s no longer polar bears on dwindling icebergs serving as Alaska’s canary of the climate crisis. It’s now heat-stressed salmon. Salmon, the definition of who we are as Alaskans and a vital contributor to the state’s economy, are facing a serious risk of survival. It’s time for the Alaska Permanent Fund Corp. to step up and do its part to protect Alaska’s first Permanent Fund, salmon.

If Norway, an oil and gas country, can move in this direction, so too can Alaska. Our salmon deserve nothing less and the best time to make this move is when the Alaska Permanent Fund Corp.’s board will be hosting the International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds in Juneau Sept. 10-13.

Kate Troll, a former executive director of United Fishermen of Alaska and Alaska Conservation Voters, and as regional fisheries director for North and South America of the Marine Stewardship Council. She has over 22 years of experience in coastal management, fisheries and energy policy.